Yothr CRP.51.4a

Lucius Aurelius Commodus Caesar Augusti Filius
Reign: Pseudo-autonomous; time of Marcus Aurelius or Commodus
Mint: Antiochia ad Pisidiam, Pisidia
Date: 166/180 AD
Nominal: Bronze
Material: AE
Diameter: 14mm
Weight: 2.10g

Reference: RPC IV.3 7376
Reference: Krzyżanowska 144 V.5
RPC Online: https://rpc.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/coins/4/7376
Rare: Specimens 4 (2 in the core collections)
Provenance: Savoca Numismatik Munich, Germany (Auction 162, Lot 919)
Pedigree: From the Tareq Hani Collection
Special: RPC Online Plate coin

Obverse: Draped bust of Mercury/Hermes (head assimilated to portrait of youthful Commodus), right; to left, caduceus
Inscription: ANTIOCHI
Translation: City of Antiochia

Reverse: Round, garlanded altar
Inscription: COLONIAE
Translation: Colonia [Antiochia]

Comment: Antioch in Pisidia (Latin Antiochia ad Pisidiam, also Antiochia Caesarea or Colonia Caesarea) is an ancient city in Asia Minor in presentday Turkey. It is one of several cities founded by Seleucid rulers named Antiochos and named after them. As the boundaries of the Pisidian landscape were drawn differently over time, Antioch was at times not part of Pisidia. Pisidic Antioch was laid out with settlers from Magnesia on a strategic site near presentday Yalvaç. Following the insecurity problems generated by the Homanadensian wars and the death of Amyntas in 25 BC, Augustus commenced the establishment of colonies of legionary veterans in Asia Minor and, especially, in Pisidia. Those colonies provided room for the necessities of the growing veteran population resulting from the Late Republican civil wars and secured the new route called the via Sebaste that connected the Pamphylian coast with the centre of the peninsula. As shown by B. Levick, the site of Antioch played a key role at the end of a route that was also connected with the ancient ‘Royal road’ towards Lycaonia and Cilicia. The main bulk of colonists was detached from legio V Gallica and legio VII as attested by the epitaphs of veterans discovered near Yalvaç, and a series of coins in the reign of Vespasian recording their signa framing an eagle. The exact provenance of these veterans is disputed between Italy, southern France and even Hispania, but the onomastic evidence of Antioch since the foundation of the colony leaves no doubt about their western origin. Antioch in Pisidia quickly developed into one of the most important Roman cities in Asia Minor. As early as the 1st century AD, there is evidence of several senators who came from Antioch.

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